The list below includes the references used in the creation and on-going modifications of the CHECKUP TO GO (CHUG) and the eCHECKUP TO GO (e-CHUG), as well as a number of references relating to research on—and using—these programs.

Alfonso, J., Hall, T. V. & Dunn, M. E. (2012), Feedback-Based Alcohol Interventions for Mandated Students: An Effectiveness Study of Three Modalities. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. doi: 10.1002/cpp.1786.

Allen, J.P., Litten, R.Z., Fertig, J.B., & Babor, T. (1997). A review of research on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Alcoholism: clinical and Experimental Research, 21, 613-619.

American Forces Press Service (2000). Alcohol abuse costs DoD dearly. Retrieved July 9, 2005.

Babor, T.F., & Grant M. (1989). From clinical research to secondary prevention: International collaboration in the development of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Alcohol Health and Research World, 13, 371-374.

Baer, J.S., Kivlahan, D.R., Blume, A.W., McKnight, P., & Marlatt, G.A., (2001) Brief intervention for heavy drinking college students: Four-year follow-up and natural history. American Journal of Public Health, 91(8), 1310-1316.

Baer, J.S., Marlatt, G.A., Kivlahan, D.R., Fromme, K., Larimer, M. & Williams, E. (1992) An experimental test of three methods of alcohol risk reduction in young adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 974-979.

Bray, R.M., Hourani, L.L., Rae, K.L., Dever, J.A., Brown, J.M., Vincus, A.A., Pemberton, M.R., Marsden, M.E., Faulkner, D.L. & Vandermass-Peeler, R. (2003). 2002 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors among Military Personnel. (Report No. RTI/7841/006-FR). Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute.

Chan, K.K., Neighbors, C., Gilson, M., Larimer, M.E., and Marlatt, G.A. (2006). Epidemiological trends in drinking by age and gender: Providing normative feedback to adults. Addictive Behaviors, 32(5), pp. 967-976.

Conner, B.T. (July 2017). Examination of Dose Effects of the E-Toke Personalized Normative Feedback Intervention. In B.T. Conner, (Chair). A Controlled Pilot Study of the Cannabis eCHECKUP To Go Protocol. Symposium presented at the Inaugural Research Society on Marijuana Conference, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Conner, B.T. (2017, July). A Controlled Pilot Study of the Cannabis eCHECKUP To Go Protocol. Symposium presented at the Inaugural Research Society on Marijuana Conference, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Croom, K., Lewis, D., Marchell, T., Lesser, M. L., Reyna, V. F., Kubicki-Bedford, L., Feffer, M., & Staiano-Coico, L. (2009). Impact of an online alcohol education course on behavior and harm for incoming first-year college students: short-term evaluation of a randomized trial. Journal of American College Health, 54(4), pp. 445-454.

Cronce, J. (2012, 01). Individual-focused college student drinking prevention: What works, what might and what doesn’t. Presentation delivered at NASPA alcohol & other drug abuse prevention & intervention conference, Atlanta, GA.

Cronce, J. (2012, 01). Individual-focused college student drinking prevention: Revisiting the 2002 NIAAA Task Force Report. Presentation delivered at NASPA alcohol & other drug abuse prevention & intervention conference, Atlanta, GA.

Delrahim-Howlett, K., Chambers, C. D., Clapp, J. D., Xu, R., Duke, K., Moyer, R. J. and Van Sickle, D. (2011), Web-Based Assessment and Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use in Women of Childbearing Potential: A Report of the Primary Findings. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 35: 1331–1338. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2011.01469.x

Dimeff, L.A., Baer, J.S., Kivlahan, D.R., & Marlatt, G.A. (1999). Brief alcohol screening and intervention for college students: A harm reduction approach. New York: Guilford Press.

Dimeff, L.A., & McNeely M. (2000). Computer enhanced primary care practitioner advice for high-risk college drinkers in a student primary health-care setting. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 7, 82-100.

Doumas, D. M., & Anderson, L. (2009). Reducing alcohol use in first-year university students: Evaluation of a web-based personalized feedback program. Journal of College Counseling, 12(1), 18-32.

Doumas, D. M., & Esp, S. (2019). Reducing alcohol-related consequences among high school seniors: Efficacy of a brief, web-based intervention. Journal of Counseling and Development, 97, 53-61.

Doumas, D. M., Esp, S., Flay, B., & Bond, L. (2017). A randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of a brief online alcohol intervention for high school seniors. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 78, 706-715.

Doumas, D. M., Esp, S., Johnson, J., Trull, R., & Shearer, K. (2017). The eCHECKUP TO GO for High School: Impact on risk factors and protective behaviors for alcohol use. Addictive Behaviors, 64, 93-100.

Doumas, D. M., Esp, S., Turrisi, R., Bond, L., & Flay, B. (2020). The efficacy of the eCHECKUP TO GO for high school seniors: Sex differences in risk factors, protective behavioral strategies, and alcohol use. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 81, 135-143.

Doumas, D. M., Esp, S., Turrisi, R., & Bond, L. (2021). A Randomized Controlled Trial of the eCHECKUP to GO for High School Seniors across the Academic Year. Substance Use & Misuse, 56(13), 1923-1932.

Doumas, D. M., Esp, S., Turrisi, R., Hausheer, R., & Cuffee, C. (2011). A test of the efficacy of a brief, web-based personalized feedback intervention to reduce drinking among 9th grade students. Addictive Behaviors.

Doumas, D. M., Hausheer, R., & Esp, S. (2015). Heavy episodic drinking and alcohol-related consequences: Sex-specific differences in parental influences among 9 th grade students. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 25(1), 1-10.

Doumas, D. M., Hausheer, R., Esp, S., & Cuffee, C. (2014). Reducing alcohol use among 9th grade students: 6 month outcomes of a brief, web-based intervention. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.

Doumas, D. M., Haustveit, T. & Coll, K.M., (2010). Reducing Heavy Drinking Among First Year Intercollegiate Athletes: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Web-Based Normative Feedback. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(3), pp. 247-261. Available at:

Doumas, D. M., Kane, C. M., Navarro, T., & Roman, J. (2011). Decreasing heavy drinking in first year students: Evaluation of a web-based personalized feedback program administered during orientation. Journal of College Counseling, 14(1), 5-20.

Doumas, D. M., Workman, C. R., Navarro, A., & Smith, D. (2011). Evaluation of web-based and counselor delivered feedback interventions for mandated college students. Journal of Addiction and Offender Counseling, 32, 16-28.

Doumas, D. M., Workman, C. R., Smith, D., & Navarro, A. (2011). Reducing high-risk drinking in mandated college students: Evaluation of two personalized normative feedback interventions. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 40(4), 376-385.

Elliott, J. & Carey K. B. (2013). Correcting Exaggerated Marijuana Use Norms Among College Abstainers: A Preliminary Test of a Preventive Intervention. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 73(6) pp. 976-980

Elliott, J., Carey K. B. & Vanable, P. A. (2014). A Preliminary Evaluation of a Web-based Intervention for College Marijuana Use. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.

Fetterling, T., Parnes, J., Prince, M. A., Conner, B. T., George, M. W., Shillington, A. M., & Riggs, N. R. (2021). Moderated Mediation of the eCHECKUP TO GO College Student Cannabis Use Intervention. Substance use & misuse, 56(10), 1508–1515.

Ganz, T., Braun, M., Laging, M., Schermelleh-Engel, K., Michalak, J., & Heidenreich, T. (2018). Effects of a stand-alone web-based electronic screening and brief intervention targeting alcohol use in university students of legal drinking age: A randomized controlled trial. Addictive Behaviors, 77, 81-88. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.09.017

Goodness, T. M., & Palfai, T. P. (2020). Electronic screening and brief intervention to reduce cannabis use and consequences among graduate students presenting to a student health center: A pilot study. Addictive Behaviors, 106, 106362.

Haines, M., & Spear, S.F. (1996). Changing the perception of the norm: A strategy to decrease binge drinking among college students. Journal of American College Health, 45(3), 134-140.

Henry, S., Lange, J.E., & Wilson, L. (2004, October 16-19). Evaluation of e-CHUG integrated into two classroom-based alcohol interventions. Poster presented at the U.S. Department of Education’s 18th Annual National Meeting on Alcohol, Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention in Higher Education, Washington, DC.

Hustad, J. T. P., Barnett, N. P., Borsari, B., & Jackson, K. M. (2010). Web-based alcohol prevention for incoming college students: A randomized controlled trial. Addictive Behaviors, 35(3), 183-189.

Kaiser Family Foundation. Generation How young people use the Internet for health information. Retrieved, July 9, 2005.

Kelly, T. M., & Donovan, J. E. (2001). Confirmatory Factor Analyses of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) among adolescents treated in emergency departments. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 62(6), 838-842.

Kilmer, J. (2011, 01). Spotlight Panel: Choosing an online alcohol education program. Panel delivered at NASPA alcohol & other drug abuse prevention & intervention conference, Miami, FL.

Kivlahan, D.R., Marlatt, G.A., Fromme, K., Coppel, D.B., & Williams, E. (1990) Secondary prevention with college drinkers: Evaluation of an alcohol skills training program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 805-810.

Kypri, K., Saunders, J.B., & Gallagaher, S.J. (2003). Acceptability of various brief intervention approaches for hazardous drinking among university students. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 38(6), 626-628.

Lane, D.J., & Schmidt, J.A. (May 2007). Evaluating Personalized Alcohol Interventions. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

Larimer, M.E., & Cronce, J.M. (2002) Identification, prevention and treatment: a review of individual-focused strategies to reduce problematic alcohol consumption by college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. Supplement, 14, 148-163.

Larimer, M.E., Lee, C.M., Kilmer, J.R., Fabiano, P.M., Stark, C.B., Geisner, I.M., Mallett, K.A., Lostutter, T.W., Cronce, J.M., Feeney, M.,7 & Neighbors, C. (2007). Personalized Mailed Feedback for College Drinking Prevention: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75(2), pp. 285-293.

Meilman, P.W., Presley, C. A., Cashin, J. R. (1997). Average weekly alcohol consumption: Drinking percentiles for American college students. Journal of American College Health, 45(5), 201-4.

Miller, E.T. (2000). Reducing alcohol abuse and alcohol-related negative consequences among freshman college students: Using emerging computer technology to deliver and evaluate the effectiveness of two brief alcohol prevention programs. Dissertation Abstracts Int 61.

Miller, W.R. (Ed.) (2000). Combined Behavioral Intervention: Therapist Manual (Project COMBINE). Rockville, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

Miller, W.R., Zweben, A., DiClemente, C. C., & Rychtarik, R. G. (1995). Motivational Enhancement Therapy Manual (Project MATCH Monograph No. 2). Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Miller, W.R. & Rollnick, S. (2002). Motivational Interviewing: Preparing people to change. New York: Guilford.

Miller, W.R.,, Wilbourne, P.L., & Hettema, J.E. (2003) What works? A summary of alcohol treatment outcome research. In R.K. Hester & W.R. Miller (Eds.), Handbook of alcoholism treatment approaches: effective alternatives (3rd ed., pp. 13-63). Boston: Allyn Bacon.

Mohler-Kuo, M. Lee, J.E., & Wechsler (2003). Trends in marijuana and other illicit drug use among college students: Results from 4 Harvard School of Public Health college alcohol study surveys: 1993-2001. Journal of American College Health, 52(1).

The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. (March 2007). Wasting the Best and the Brightest: Substance Abuse at America’s Colleges and Universities

The National Center On Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. Dangerous Liaisons: Substance Abuse and Sex, New York: CASA, 1999.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (2002). A Call to Action: Changing the Culture of Drinking at U.S. Colleges. Retrieved, March 24, 2005.

National Institutes of Health. (2006). Alcohol use and alcohol use disorders in the United States: Main findings from the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). U.S. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data Reference Manual, 8 (1).

Neighbors, C., Larimer, M.E. & ,Lewis, MA (2004). Targeting Misperceptions of Descriptive Drinking Norms: Efficacy of a Computer Delivered Personalized Normative Feedback Intervention. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72(3), 434-447.

O’Brien MC, McCoy TP, Rhodes SD, Wagoner A, Wolfson M. Caffeinated cocktails: get wired, get drunk, get injured. 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association. November 4, 2007. Washington, D.C.

Paperny, P.M., Aono, J.Y., Lehman, R.M., Hammar, S.L., & Risser, J. (1990) Computer-assisted detection and intervention in adolescent high-risk health behaviors. Journal of Pediatrics, 116(3), 456-462.

Prince, M. A., Tyskiewicz, A. J., Conner, B. T., Parnes, J. E., Shillington, A. M., George, M. W., & Riggs, N. R. (2021). Mechanisms of change in an adapted marijuana e-CHECKUP TO GO intervention on decreased college student cannabis use. Journal of substance abuse treatment, 124, 108308.

Prochaska, J.O., DiClemente, C.C., & Norcross, J.C. (1992). In search of how people change: Applications to the addictive behaviors. American Psychologist, 47, 1102-1114.

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Riggs NR, Conner BT, Parnes JE, Prince MA, Shillington AM, George MW. Marijuana eCHECKUPTO GO: Effects of a personalized feedback plus protective behavioral strategies intervention for heavy marijuana-using college students. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 Sep 1;190:13-19. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.05.020. Epub 2018 Jun 23. PMID: 29960918.

Salafsky, D., Moll, C. & Glider, P. (2007). Comparison of an In-Class vs. Online Alcohol Diversion Program to Reduce Alcohol Consumption and Negative Consequences Among College Students: Findings from a 2-year study. U.S. Department of Education’s 21st Annual National Meeting on Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention in Higher Education. October 18-21, 2007 Omaha, Nebraska.

Saunders, J.B., Kypri, K., Walters, S.T., Laforge, W, & Larimer, M. (2004). Approaches to brief intervention for hazardous drinking in young people. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

Schroeder, R.C. (May 2001). High-Risk Drinking: A Research Based Approach to Alcohol Education on Campus. Presented at the annual conference of the American College Health Association. Las Vegas, NV.

Steiner, J., W. Woodall, W. G., & Yeagley, J. A. (2005). The E-Chug: A Randomized, Controlled Study of a Web-Based Binge Drinking Intervention with College Freshman. Poster Presentation, Society for Prevention Research.

Turner, C.F., Ku, L., Rogers, S.M., Lindberg, L.D., Pleck, J.H., & Soenstein, F.L. (1998) Adolescent sexual behavior, drug use, and violence: increased reporting with computer survey technology.

Walters, S.T. (2000). In praise of feedback: An effective intervention for college students who are heavy drinkers? Journal of American College Health, 48, 235-238.

Walters, S.T. & Baer, J. (2006). Talking with College Students about Alcohol: Motivational Strategies for Reducing Abuse. New York: Guilford Press

Walters, S.T. & Bennett, M.E. (2000). Addressing drinking among college students: A review of the empirical literature. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 18(1), 61-77.

Walters, S.T., Bennett, M.E. & Miller, J.E. (2000). Reducing alcohol use in college students: a controlled trial of two brief interventions. Journal of Drug Education, 30(3), 361-372.

Walters S.T., Hester R.K., Chiauzzi E. & Miller E., (2005). Demon rum: high-tech solutions to an age-old problem. Alcohol Clinical and Experimental Research, 29(2), 270-277.

Walters, S.T., Miller, J. E. & Chiauzzi, E. (2005). Wired for wellness: e-Interventions for addressing college drinking. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 29, 139-145.

Walters, S.T. & Neighbors, C. (2011). College prevention: A view of present (and future) web-based approaches. Alcohol Research & Health, 34(2), 222-224.<

Walters, S. T., Vader, A. M., & Harris, T. R. (2007). A Controlled Trial of Web-based Feedback for Heavy Drinking College Students. Prevention Science, 8(2), 83-88.

Walters, S.T., Vader, A.M., Harris, T.R., Field, C.A. & Jouriles, E.N. (2009). Dismantling motivational interviewing and feedback for college drinkers: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77 (1), 64-73.

Walters, S. T. & Woodall, W. G. (2003). Mailed feedback reduces consumption among moderate drinkers who are employed. Prevention Science, 4(4), 287-294.

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Wilson, L., Henry, S.& Lange, J. (2005). Evaluation of e-chug integrated into two classroom interventions. Presented at the 4th Annual CSU Alcohol Education Conference, San Jose, CA.

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